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Il dio celeste e geloso



Di Gore Vidal

“Voglio essere temuto come un tiranno, amato come un padre, venerato come un dio, ma voglio anche che pensino che io sia divertente”.

“Voglio essere temuto come un tiranno, amato come un padre, venerato come un dio, ma voglio anche che pensino che io sia divertente”.







Quello che segue è un estratto di America First? America Last? America at Last? di Gore Vidal fatta alla Lowell Lecture del 1992 ad Harvard. È tradotto solo l’inizio, poi prosegue nella sua lingua. Il testo qui di seguito riprodotto era originariamente disponibile sul sito della Harvard University, ma da un po’ di tempo a questa parte è stato messo offline.  



«Il grande innominabile male alla base della nostra cultura è il monoteismo. Da un testo barbarico dell'età del bronzo conosciuto come Antico Testamento si sono evolute tre religioni antiumane: ebraismo, cristianesimo e islamismo. Sono religioni di un dio celeste. Sono, letteralmente, patriarcali: Dio è il Padre Onnipotente. Da qui il disprezzo bimillenario per le donne nei paesi afflitti dal dio celeste e dai suoi delegati maschi in terra. Il dio celeste è geloso, ovviamente, e richiede totale obbedienza da ognuno sulla terra, ed egli non è là soltanto per una parte, ma per l'intero creato. Coloro che non lo riconoscono devono essere o convertiti o uccisi per il loro stesso bene. In ultima analisi, il totalitarismo è l'unico sistema politico che può davvero assecondare i fini del dio celeste. Qualsiasi movimento di natura liberale mette in pericolo la sua autorità e quella dei suoi delegati sulla terra. Un solo Dio, un solo Re, un solo Papa, un solo padrone in fabbrica, un padre-padrone in casa…»
 
*** 
«The great unmentionable evil at the center of our culture is monotheism. From a barbaric Bronze Age text known as the Old Testament, three anti-human religions have evolved--Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. These are sky-god religions. They are, literally, patriarchal--God is the Omnipotent Father--hence the loathing of women for 2,000 years in those countries afflicted by the sky-god and his earthly male delegates.
 
The sky-god is a jealous god, of course. He requires total obedience from everyone on earth, as he is not just in place for one tribe, but for all creation. Those who would reject him must be converted or killed for their own good. Ultimately, totalitarianism is the only sort of politics that can truly serve the sky-god's purpose. Any movement of a liberal nature endangers his authority and those of his delegates on earth. One God, one King, one Pope, one master in the factory, one father-leader in the family at home.
 
The founders of the United States were not enthusiasts of the sky-god. Many, like Jefferson, rejected him altogether and placed man at the center of the world. The young Lincoln wrote a pamphlet against Christianity, which friends persuaded him to burn. Needless to say, word got around about both Jefferson and Lincoln, and each had to cover his tracks. Jefferson said that he was a deist, which could mean anything or nothing, while Lincoln, hand on heart and tongue in cheek, said he could not support for office anyone who "scoffed" at religion.
 
From the beginning, sky-godders have always exerted great pressure in our secular public. Also, evangelical Christian groups have always drawn strength from those who have been suppressed economically. African slaves were allowed to organize sky-god churches, as a surrogate for earthly freedom. White churches were organized in order to make certain that the rights of property were respected and that the numerous religious taboos in the New and Old Testaments would be enforced, if necessary, by civil law. The ideal to which John Adams subscribed--that we would be a nation of laws, not of men--was quickly subverted when the churches forced upon everyone, through those supposedly neutral and just laws, their innumerable taboos on sex, alcohol, gambling. We are now indeed a nation of laws, mostly bad and certainly anti-human.
 
Roman Catholic migrations in the last century further re-enforced the Puritan sky-god. The Church has also put itself on a collision course with the Bill of Rights when it asserts, as it always has, that "error has no rights." The last correspondence between John Adams and Thomas Jefferson expressed their alarm that the Jesuits were to be allowed into the United States.
 
Although the Jews were sky-god folks, they followed Book One, not Book Two, so they have no mission to convert others; rather the reverse. Also, as they have been systematically demonized by the Christian sky-godders, they tended to be liberal and so turned not to their temple but to the ACLU. Unfortunately, the recent discovery that the sky-god, in his capacity as realtor, had given them, in perpetuity, some parcels of unattractive land called Judea and Sumeria has, to my mind, unhinged many of them. I hope this is temporary.
 
In the First Amendment to the Constitution, the founders made it clear that this was not to be a sky-god nation with a national religion like that of England from whom we had just separated. It is curious how little understood this amendment is--yes, everyone has a right to worship any god he chooses but he does not have the right to impose his beliefs on others who do not happen to share in his superstitions and taboos. This separation is absolute in our original republic. But the sky-godders do not give up easily.
 
In the 1950s they actually got the phrase "In God We Trust" onto the currency, in direct violation of the First Amendment. Although many of the Christian evangelists feel it necessary to convert everyone on earth to their primitive religion, they have been prevented--so far--from enforcing others to worship as they do but they have forced--most tyrannically and wickedly--their superstitions and hatreds upon all of us, through the civil law and through general prohibitions. So it is upon that account that I now favor an all-out war on the monotheists.
 
Let us dwell upon the evils that they have wrought. The hatred of the blacks comes straight from their Bad Book. As descendants of Ham, blacks are forever accursed while St. Paul tells the slaves to obey their masters. Racism is in the marrow of the bone of the true believer. For him, black is forever inferior to white and deserves whatever ill-fortune may come his way. The fact that some monotheists can behave charitably means, often, that their prejudice is at so deep a level that they are not aware that it is there at all. In the end, this makes any radical change of attitude impossible. Meanwhile, welfare has been the price the sky-godders were willing to pay to exclude blacks from their earthly political system. So we must live – presumably forever – with a highly enervating race war set in train by the one God and his many hatreds.
 
Patriarchal rage at the thought of Woman ever usurping Man's place at the helm, in either home or workplace, is almost as strong now as it ever was. According to the polls, most American women took the side of Clarence Thomas against Anita Hill. But then the sky-god's fulminations against women are still very much part of the psyche of those in thrall to the Jealous God.
 
The ongoing psychopathic hatred of same-sex sexuality has made the United States the laughingstock of the civilized world. In most of the First World, monotheism is weak. Where it is weak or nonexistent, private sexual behavior has nothing at all to do with anyone else, much less with the law. At least when the Emperor Justinian, a sky-god man, decided to outlaw sodomy, he had to come up with a good practical reason, which he did. It is well known, Justinian declared, that buggery is a principal cause of earthquake and so must be prohibited. But our sky-godders, always eager to hate, still quote Leviticus, as if that loony text had anything useful to say about anything, except perhaps the inadvisability of eating shellfish in the Jerusalem area».
Gore Vidal, Lowell Lecture, Harvard University, April 20, 1992




Parole chiave: monoteismo antico testamento gore vidal

COMMENTI

Sono presenti 3 commenti per questo articolo

Dorak51 (utente non registrato)
Trovo un po' irritante trovar da leggere un testo in inglese di Gore Vidal, già felicemente tradotto nell'edizione (tascabile) di Fazi. 
Ho l'impressione assai sgradevole che l'uso sempre più frequente dell'inglese porti alla creazione di un'altra casta di intelletuali e tecnocrati che scientemente usano un certo linguaggio criptico ( e inglese!) ignoto alla ancor  grande maggioranza dei nostri concittadini.
Mi sono sentita esclusa da questo post. e sono quindi arrabiata.
Altrove, sul web, sono sempre a disposizione i sistemi di traduzione automatica.. 
il 20 Dicembre 2013

Francesco Panaro
Cara Dora, hai ragione e capisco la tua rabbia. Condivido tutto quello che scrivi. Ma, devi credermi, questo testo è nato spontaneamente, fra le tante cose che si fanno durante la giornata. Ci provo sempre a trovare le traduzioni, a facilitare la lettura, ma non sempre sono disponibili in rete. E trascrivere un testo non è un'operazione veloce. La traduzione automatica? Meglio di no, è come una diga: il crollo del significato di una parola è devastante.

Permettimi di osare: hai il testo tradotto e puoi (e vuoi) trascriverlo? Fallo! Gli amici lettori te ne saranno tutti grati.
il 20 Dicembre 2013

Dora Chiabov
No, caro Francesco! Posseggo solo la Trilogia dell'Impero di Vidal , che ho letto anni fa. Non credo che la tua citazione sia compresa, ma proverò con pazienza a cercar tra le pagine, tante, del testo in italiano.
Quanto al traduttore automatico, beh, una certa idea (per chi ha un po' d'occhio e di senso..) ce la si può fare. Insomma si può capire se vale la pena di mettersi con buona volontà a tradurre col vocabolario alla mano..
Grazie, e scusa lo sfogo.
il 20 Dicembre 2013

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